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News & Events »Visit of Scientific Team from CSIR, ICAR, ICMR & DBT to the Aspiring Backward District of Nabarangpur in Southern Odisha

A team of scientists drawn from CSIR-IMMT Bhubaneswar, CSIR-NBRI Lucknow, CSIR-CFTRI Mysore, ICAR-CIFA Bhubaneswar, ICAR-CHES Bhubaneswar, ICMR-RMRC Bhubaneswar, DBT-ILS Bhubaneswar visited the Nabarangpur district in Odisha, located in the tribal dominated KBK region adjacent to Chattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh during 15-16, February 2018. The purpose of the visit was to identify possible S&T interventions that can improve the socio-economic condition of people in this socio-economically aspiring district. The team visited various sites, interacted with farmers and held meeting with the district administration.

The following possible S&T interventions were identified:

The district is deficient in water supply for agricultural purpose. Most of the farmers are depending on lift pumps for irrigation. Even with the shortage of water supply they are able to get good harvest of the following crops and horticultural produce:

Maize, Millet, Sugar cane, Cashew, Vegetables, Tomato, Ginger, Turmeric, Black Pepper, Coffee, Mango, Guava, Jackfruit, Pineapple, Banana, Tamarind, Chilli, Mahuaetc.

However, their major concern was that they are unable to get remunerative price for their produce. Many times the market price is too low to make both ends meet. Many farmers are therefore shifting to planting of Eucalyptus trees for supply to paper mill.

The following lines of intervention was proposed:

1. Intercropping of medicinal and aromatic plants with Eucalyptus. Put a distillation unit for production of aromatic oils. Link medicinal plant products with appropriate value chain.

2. Introduction of different cash crops/horticulture plants like sweet potato, mushroom, better varieties of Mango, Guava, Corn, Floriculture, color yielding Plants, Dragon fruit, etc.

3. Introduce local value addition and processing capacity for above, pre-processing of vegetables and food processing. This needs to be done carefully with simultaneous building of entrepreneurial capability.

4. Since most people still depend on biomass for fuel, it was decided that we can introduce improved chullah for conservation of energy, biomass fired driers for drying of agricultural produce, energy harvesting from biomass through gasification etc.

5. There is very good scope for large scale fishery farming. The capacity of the district for making fish feed and spawn shall be enhanced.

6. Regarding enhancement of the health and nutrition standard of the local population, common but highly beneficial nutritive crops along with monitoring of health parameters of the people shall be taken up.

7. CSIR-CBRI has taken up design of suitable houses for the PMGAY scheme. We may provide skill development on these aspects looking into the local resources.

8. CSIR-NAL can help in deployment of solar thermal and solar-wind hybrid renewable energy systems.

9. Simultaneously, training and skill development of the local people, and entrepreneurs shall be emphasized.

10. A mobile phone based App shall be developed for getting site data and status while the interventions are being implemented.

The team agreed to work out the proposals along the above lines and meet again on 12.03.2018. During this meeting to be held at Bhubaneswar, Secretaries of the relevant Line Departments, District officials and the local MP Shri BalabhadraMajhi may be invited.

All participating institutes are requested to make appropriate proposals for submission to the District Administration. These proposals shall be presented in the next meeting to be held on 12.03.2018 (to be confirmed).